Italy officially the Italian Republic. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km. With 61 million inhabitants, it is the third most populous EU member state. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Rome is the capital and Largest city in Italy. Italy has the third largest economy in the Euro zone and eighth largest economy in the world. It has a very high level of human development and enjoys the highest life expectancy in the EU. Italy plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs, with a considerable number of academics considering the country to be both a regional power and a great power. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and the member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7/G8, G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, and many more. As a reflection of its vast cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is one of the most visited countries.
Italy is located in Southern Europe, between latitudes 35° and 47° N, and longitudes 6° and 19° E. To the north, Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. The country’s total area is 301,230 square kilometers (116,306 sq mi), of which 294,020 km2 (113,522 sq mi) is land and 7,210 km2(2,784 sq mi) is water. Including the islands, Italy has a coastline and border of 7,600 kilometers (4,722 miles)